Old Saint Basil's Cathedral in MoscowJohnson's Russia List title and scenes of Saint Petersburg
Excerpts from the JRL E-Mail Community :: Founded and Edited by David Johnson

#11 - 7037
The Electronic Telegraph (UK) Jauary 28, 2003
2-a-month sop to Stalin's Russian victims
By Julius Strauss in Moscow

After 12 years of stalling, the Russian Duma has finally passed a law to compensate the sons and daughters of victims of Stalin's purges.

Each will receive the equivalent of 2 a month, one free train ticket a year, 50 per cent off the cost of medicines and free false teeth.

The award, paltry even by Russian standards, is the latest sorry chapter in a compensation process that has been blocked by Communists and Right-wingers alike.

In Russia there has been a concerted effort to brush over the crimes of the Communist era. Officials refuse to countenance talk of atrocities committed by Soviet soldiers during the Second World War, while the FSB, the revamped KGB, is once again an admired institution.

Attempts by the Baltic states to bring Moscow's former secret policemen to book are met with howls of protest from the Kremlin. Almost 50 years after Stalin died, some of the millions of victims of the purges have been rehabilitated, but few have been compensated.

A law passed in 1991, under Boris Yeltsin, stipulated that victims of the Gulags could claim compensation for property confiscated by the KGB. But it set a cap of 600 on each pay-out, and judged that the burden of proof lay with the victim. Each had to produce three witnesses to prove their claim.

Alexei Vasileyevich, of the Russian Association of the Victims of Political Repression, said: "In almost every case all the witnesses where dead or missing. I know of one case when a woman received a few rings back after a former KGB officer helped her gain access to the archives. But that was the exception."

In 1996 the Duma passed an amendment allowing children deported to camps with their parents to make claims against the state. But they usually received only a few hundred rubles.

For years all compensation attempts by the sons and daughters of Gulag victims were blocked. It was only when local courts began ruling in their favour last year that the Duma was forced to bow to legal precedent and table a fresh amendment.

Critics of the new legislation say that a 92 ruble (2) pension bonus is all they will receive for their suffering. The other social and medical benefits are accorded to all Russian pensioners.

Valeriya Dunayeva, 65, of the Russian human rights group Memorial, said she was outraged by last week's law. Her mother was shot in 1941 as a spy and her father sentenced to 25 years in northern Siberia as a political prisoner. She and her brother were raised in a state orphanage where they were both regularly abused.

She said: "In Russia today nobody is willing to recognise the horrendous crimes of the past. There are 17,000 of us who lost parents under Stalin in Moscow alone but the authorities simply pretend we don't exist."

Back to the Top    Next Article