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#15 - JRL 2009-59 - JRL Home
March 24, 2009
Beginning of Meeting with Security Council On National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation Through to 2020 and Measures Necessary to Implement It
The Kremlin, Moscow

PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Dear colleagues, good afternoon!

We are meeting today to examine one of the most essential and important documents for the development of our country, a draft of the National Security Strategy of Russia through to 2020.

For a long time the framework for our actions in this area was the National Security Concept adopted in 1997. However, Russia is now completely different. We have gone through the period of transition that was the 1990s and developed steadily and confidently until we have reached a qualitatively new, long-term strategic level of development. Perhaps the most important thing is that now, despite our current difficulties, we have an opportunity to look ahead, to look to the future and to participate in shaping that future.

It is clear that over the years not only Russia but the entire world has changed: the situation in the world has changed, the threats have changed. Of course a number of threats no longer exist, but new ones have appeared, and this is reflected in the National Security Strategy that we have prepared. I would stress that this is on the whole a fundamental and comprehensive document, designed to reflect public policy on national security and of course the national priorities and interests of our country. The main idea of this document can be briefly defined as security through development. This approach reflects the idea of achieving the strategic goals that we set for our country and is inextricably linked to the Concept of Social and Economic Development through to 2020, with those priorities that are already contained in this document.

I would stress another point that is particularly important in today's world: the Strategy is an open, public document that has been discussed by all the federal districts and has been agreed to by all the relevant departments. I think that after its adoption and promulgation we need to raise public awareness concerning its main provisions, something that the Security Council and its Secretary should address.

I should also note that any document with national status and implications cannot be implemented by the public authorities alone. Achieving the objectives and priorities of the Strategy requires the participation of society as a whole. This should be clearly understood today as we examine this document.

Dear colleagues! The organisation and implementation of the strategic objectives of national security are particularly relevant today, at a time when the whole world is in a critical phase of development. However, the crisis cannot and should not be a reason for narrowing our horizons or cutting back on planning for the future. Russia is a country in full development, and our goal remains the creation of the highest living standards in Russia, a high-tech society with a high-tech industry, and with modern defence capabilities.

In this connection we also have to consider at our meeting the draft project on a Framework for Strategic Planning. This is a document that discusses the means by which we can realise our long-term national priorities. Moreover this Framework involves the creation of long-range planning documents and the relevant regulatory instruments including subordinate legislation.

Strategic planning is an essential factor for the sustainable development of our country and a factor in ensuring its national security. We have repeatedly said that we should introduce this type of planning into our daily lives, and in the future we simply cannot proceed without having uniform procedures for the preparation of these sorts of basic documents. As you know, too often we have been hampered by unilateral departmental approaches. We all fight against this but not always successfully. It is this sort of fragmentation that prevents us from moving forward.

I hope that the creation of such an integrated system of strategic planning will promote close coordination between the federal centre and the regions of our country, the regions, municipalities and civil society as a whole. In fact, we are putting together a vertical strategic planning structure under the guidance of the head of state. And this kind of planning should be based on a clear regulatory framework.

In addition today we should analyse and review the criteria and indicators used to assess national security. They cover a range of areas, from the socio-economic to the international, including moral issues and information on public safety - in short everything that we need in this situation. I hope that the National Security Strategy through to 2020 will be another important step in achieving our long-term objectives, and security as an integrated concept will of course be subjected to detailed analysis in the document itself.

We understand security not only in light of our foreign policy environment and ensuring our defence, but also in terms of economic security. We believe that economic security is a component of the National Security Strategy.

Why do I mention this? Because we have to monitor events that are taking place in the world, including events that affect the economic interests of our country.

Yesterday a special commission met it was an important event for EU-Ukraine relations and it focused on investment in Ukraines gas transit system. It was quite an important, large-scale event which culminated in the adoption of a Declaration. The contents of this Declaration raise some questions, to say the least.

In this regard, I would like us now to discuss one topic. Next week inter-state consultations between the Prime Ministers of our countries are scheduled. In order for us to determine the consequences of the adoption of the Declaration, I propose that we think about delaying these consultations until we fully understand the decisions that have been taken.

Vladimir Vladimirovich, what is your opinion?

RUSSIAN PRIME MINISTER VLADIMIR PUTIN: We have carefully studied the results of this conference and the adoption of the Declaration. And of course we have some questions. The following one is key. While implementing plans for Ukraines gas transit system a key factor - and for us this is also important - is that the amount of gas pumped and it is stated so there. This is linked with the possibility of loans being repaid. It is clear that this gas cannot come from anywhere except from the territory of the Russian Federation. This issue was not discussed with us. I completely agree with you: to ensure that our intergovernmental consultations are productive, we have to clarify all the details.

DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Good, well then let's proceed as follows. These consultations will take place after the questions Russia has raised have been clarified. This is one example that shows how todays national security issues are complex and should be linked to our foreign policy agenda.