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Birth rate on rise in Russia, mortality rate down

Russian Children at Art InstituteMoscow, 28 October: The mortality rate in Russia in September was slightly lower than a year ago, according to the Health Ministry of the Russian Federation.

"In September this year, 159,500 people died, or 400 people (0.3 per cent) fewer than in September 2009," it says in a press release published by the ministry today.

Original of image copyright (c) 2010. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036

In January-September, compared to the same period last year, the number of deaths from external causes declined by 4.6 per cent, of them from accidents by 0.6 per cent, from accidental alcohol poisoning by 1.5 per cent, and from suicide by 3.2 per cent. The number of deaths from respiratory diseases decreased by 0.6 per cent, and from all forms of tuberculosis by 1.4 per cent.

In September 2010, the mortality rate was lower than in the period before the heat wave (in August 2010), according to the ministry. In addition, in January-September, a decrease in the infant mortality rate was recorded.

In September 2009, 1,220 children under 12 months died, and 1,115 in September 2010.

During the first nine months of the year, the biggest decline in the infant mortality rate was recorded in the Southern Federal District, and other regions, such as Kaliningrad, Kostroma, Tambov, Smolensk, Murmansk, Ivanovo and Tomsk Regions. The Ministry of Public Health reports that the Republic of Kalmykia, North Ossetia-Alania and Yakutia have also achieved significant progress. The lowest infant mortality coefficient has been recorded in the Nenets Autonomous Area, Kaliningrad Region, Tambov Region, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area, Komi Republic, Republic of Karelia, and St Petersburg.

In this same period, the birth rate increased: in January-September, 1,337,700 children were born, which is 16,600 children (1.3 per cent) more than in the same period in 2009.

A 2-3 per cent increase in the number of births has been observed in seven Russian regions: Novosibirsk, Omsk and Chelyabinsk Regions, the Republics of Sakha (Yakutia), Kabarda-Balkaria, North Ossetia, and the Nenets Autonomous Area.

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